RNG (React, Next.js, GraphQL)

Technology is the set of techniques, skills, methods, and processes. There is always rise and fall in technologies, and in recent years there has been a remarkable amount of open-source communities back up libraries and platforms.

react next.js graphql

Enter RNG, this is the React Next.js GraphQL as a development stack, there is no MongoDB or MySQL/PHP but more than that. RNG is flexible and provides huge advantages with the latest improvements and better standards.


React (sometimes styled React.js or ReactJS) is an open source JavaScript library for user interface which is providing a view for data rendered as HTML specially for single page applications. It is mainly used for handling of web and mobile apps.


React was first created by Jordan Walke, a software engineer working for Facebook and it is deployed by Facebook, Instagram & also maintained by community of developer and corporations. Through React developers can create large web-applications which can change data without reloading the page. The aim purpose of React is to be Fast, Simple and Declarative. React doesn't use templates. It gives out-of-the-box developer tools.


Next.js is the newest and notable JS framework, just after creation of react app.

Next.js is the minimalistic framework for building universal React applications. In simple terms, it means we can easily use React to make templates on the server. Next.js runs universal JavaScript server rendered on webapps. The main feature of Next.js is that it's not a backend, but it's a universal rendering frontend. Next.js allows for things like data-fetching and app state via Redux.

We can use Node instead of Next.js but why.. as Next.js is easy to work. In the Next.js version 2.0 they included React support with more improvements. Even Next3 came in August 2017, with more and more improvements so no sign of stop working in Next.js.

Just think how webapps are created with PHP. We create some files, writing PHP code, then simply install it. The app is rendered by default on the server. Just what we do with Next.js instead of PHP, we build the app with JavaScript & React.


Splitting of Code for Loading the Page Faster

Server side rendered by default

Simple client-side routing (based on page)

Able to implement with Express or any other Node.js HTTP server

Customizable with your own Babel and Webpack configurations

Webpack based on dev environment which supports HMR (Hot Module Replacement)


Last is the GraphQL, was developed by Facebook in 2012 but publically it was released in 2015 and gradually grown the great community.

If you are hearing first time about GraphQL than this is easy to understand that GraphQL is the query language for graph data of all API and a server-side runtime for executing queries by using a type system which user define for the data. In simple words, GraphQL allow clients to define the structure of the data as per their requirement and accurately the same structure of the data is returned from the server. It is the typed runtime which allows clients to dictate what data is needed. It powers the major share of interactions in the Facebook Android and iOS applications. GraphQL query is a string which is interpreted by a server which returns data in a specified format. GraphQL can be build in multiple languages, including JavaScript, Python, Ruby, Java, C#, PHP and many more.

GraphQL is the queries which is mirror their responses. From this makes it is easy to predict the figure of the data returned from a query, as well as to write a query if the user know what data the app is needed. More important, this procedure makes GraphQL really easy to use and learn.

  • Hierarchical - Another important feature of GraphQL is its hierarchical nature. GraphQL is a hierarchical set of fields. GraphQL follows relationships between objects, as the query is created just like the data it returns. It is a natural way for product engineers to explain data requirements.
  • Strongly-typed - GraphQL is the strongly-typed or every level of a GraphQL correlate to a particular type and every type depict the set of available fields. Similar to SQL, this allows GraphQL to give descriptive error messages before executing a query.
  • Client-specified queries - In GraphQL, the requirement for queries are programmed in the client rather than the server. On the other hand, a GraphQL query, returns exactly what a client asks for and not extra.
  • Application-Layer Protocol - GraphQL is an application-layer protocol that does not require any particular transport. It is a string that is define by a server.
  • Introspective - GraphQL is introspective in nature. Clients and tools can query the type system itself by using the GraphQL syntax. This is a great platform for building tools and client software. It is useful in statical typed languages such as Swift, Objective-C and Java.

The major selling point would also be the capability to use any storage service as long as to configure the GraphQL layer to support it.


The new React Next.js GraphQL (RNG) has the possibility to shift the JavaScipt ecosystem and come up with the customary stack for start-ups and technology companies to adopt for their apps. The benefits in performance and easiness of front-end and back-end development collaboration are unquestionable with the use of RNG stack .